josé Bové

For José Bové, Larzac should inspire Notre-Dame-des-Landes

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Collective land management, long-term lease with the State, renting to farmers until retirement: for José Bové, the success of an original model in Larzac (Aveyron) could serve as an example, according to him, for Notre-Dame-des-Landes. Interview.
 
The fight on Larzac against the extension of the military camp ended in 1981 with the election of François Mitterrand to the Elysée Palace. The State became the owner of 6,300 hectares and a system of collective land management was devised. Former Larzac activist José Bové explains how this idea was implemented.
 
After the abandonment of the project to extend the military camp, the discussion focused on the future of this land. There had been no fight to buy land and become owners, while the majority of the peasants were tenants. It was proposed that this heritage should be managed directly by the farmers, the inhabitants and the communes. This involved the creation of a civil society - the Société civile des terres du Larzac (SCTL) - and the establishment with the State of an emphyteutic lease which now runs until 2083.. »
This lease transferred the management of the land, except for the right to sell, to the CLBC. A particular way of operating that José Bové describes: "... the SCTL is the only one that has the right to manage the land. The General Assembly of the civil society, made up of those who have a lease with the SCTL, elects its board, which makes the day-to-day decisions. With, in two cases, an obligation to decide unanimously: for the accession of new members and for the allocation of holdings. If there is no unanimity for this allocation, the General Assembly decides by majority vote.. "He goes on to say: « When a farm opens up, we get 7 or 8 applications. For a farmer, being able to set up without having to buy the land is essential. For a young person setting up a farm, it is better to be a tenant with a career lease that goes until retirement, rather than buying the land and taking out loans. ".
 
Should the government decide to abandon the airport project, would this model be transposable to Notre-Dame-des-Landes? For José Bové, " there will be no copying and pasting with Larzac. (But) I think that this idea of transfer by emphyteutic lease could be the solution. I would say that a large majority of people in Notre-Dame-des-Landes are betting on a collective management of the use of the land in the long term. There is no head-on opposition between farmers, municipalities, residents and people who have already developed alternative projects on small areas. "
 
José Bové is categorical: " Thanks to our experience, our history, the resistance, the setting up of the SCTL, we have lived through a legal time that is not political time. And here we are in the rule of law, because the rule of law means building a stable order in a territory over time. If we want to get out of the spiral of violence, it is through the law that we will succeed. We have to make a bet on the future, which is more important than betting on restoring the rule of law by force. ".
 
Source: AFP interview

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