"Arm wrestling between the CNN and the Ministry of the Digital Economy" is the headline of today's Le Monde newspaper. Explanations.
In a press release published late Thursday evening, all the members of the Conseil national du numérique (CNN), the consultative body set up by Nicolas Sarkozy to give its opinion on all bills relating to digital technology, announced (pdf) that they were "handing over their mandate to the President of the Republic and the government" in order to "facilitate [the] reflection on digital governance". Only the former CNN president, entrepreneur Gilles Babinet (since replaced by Patrick Bertrand), has not put his mandate back on the line - officially because of his recent appointment as France's "digital champion" by the European Commission.
The word "resignation" does not appear in the text, but it is indeed an arm wrestling match between CNN, essentially composed of bosses from the digital sector, and Fleur Pellerin, the minister in charge of the digital economy. It was the appointment of Jean-Baptiste Soufron, one of Ms. Pellerin's close advisers, to the post of CNN general secretary, that set the wheels of power in motion on Thursday, July 5. In its press release, the CNN "takes note" of this appointment, before "reminding (...) that since the creation [of the CNN], many reports and opinions have been issued in complete independence.
For some, the gesture would be political, while others see it as a quarrel between people analyzing the site IT Industry and Technologies. The representativeness of this board is sometimes questioned in some comments. The newspaper Le Monde raises the question of a "rise of shields in the face of a takeover by the executive". Le Figaro As for him, he declared: "the members of this consultative body consider that their independence is called into question by the appointment imposed by the government of an adviser to the Minister Delegate for the Digital Economy as Secretary General. »
Basically, it doesn't matter: we'll have to renew the members and find people who are just as emblematic as the founder of Free, Xavier Niel, who is on the list of 17 starters. This is all the more urgent as there is no shortage of work to be done. The opinions that the CNNum will give on a series of irritating subjects will have a direct impact on industrialists in the sector.
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Supported by the former majority as well as the European Commission, the Acta, a text negotiated by 39 countries, aims to limit counterfeiting. It has attracted criticism because it envisages collaboration between Internet service providers and the entertainment industry. In February 2012, François Hollande explicitly called for the outright rejection of this treaty, which was rejected by the European Parliament.
- The Hadopi Law
The Hadopi law, introduced under the presidency of Nicolas Sarkozy, is an attempt to combat the undue downloading of content from the Internet. Ineffective according to some, this mechanism should be revised. This commitment was made during the presidential campaign. Fleur Pellerin even said on Twitter on 26 April 2012 that "Hadopi will be replaced by another non-intrusive device, without widespread surveillance.
This is a central issue for international operators such as Google or Apple and Amazon, whose tax rates are derisory in France. A draft tax on online advertising has been tabled by Senator Philippe Mariani. A review of the tax collection system financing private copying is also expected and François Hollande mentioned a contribution from Internet service providers to finance the creation of content.
- Loppsi 2
This law of 14 March 2011 is seen as liberticide by some. At issue is the possibility for the state to impose the blocking of access to certain websites without a court decision, the drawing up of a list of sites to be blocked which will not be made public, the possibility for the police to use bugs and other electronic spies with the authorisation of a judge. The official programme of the Socialist Party made explicit reference to this, calling for the repeal of this provision. (Source: Mathieu Brisou / http://www.industrie.com).
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