Politeness: From ordinary incivilities to new barbarians

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The confiscation of the privilege of violence in the hands of the State has gradually led to the development of the policed society and civilization. The rules of civility and politeness contribute not only to the maintenance of order in a society, but they are also an expression of the need for forms in social life.

All social and public behaviour is ceremonial behaviour that characterises society as "a system of non-infringement agreements". (1). The virtue of 'forms' is therefore to structure and put at a distance; making explicit polite rituals, for example, which are recognised and accepted, makes it possible to regulate behaviour, govern conduct, and prevent disorder and violence by imposing a distance between individuals in order to avoid physical violence from hand-to-hand. Putting 'forms', setting limits, is a means of pacifying social relationships. Thus, fear - whose socialized avatar is 'respect' - establishes the foundations of societal 'forms'. Emotion is therefore, in this context, the triggering factor for a form of social regulation, which is fundamental for a society to endure.

● As soon as the emotion 'fear-respect', which acts as a trigger stimulus, is distorted, the whole social system is affected. Today, respect for the rules of politeness as well as the rules of law is contested by whole sections of the population, from a very young age. Teachers complain about this, and not only in disadvantaged demographic areas. Cities in large urban agglomerations periodically go up in flames. It is not uncommon to see crowd demonstrations turn into real riots.
This phenomenon can be explained by social, demographic, economic and cultural causes, which form a complex, tightly woven fabric. But it cannot be denied that these "incivilities" - to borrow a term from political correctness - are also directly linked to the distortion of the emotion of "fear" by the multimedia overexcitement that is linked to it.

● The omnipresent violence on screens large and small, in daily news, in video games, in advertising, in fashionable readings - some manga, for example - contributes to desensitizing the public, especially young people, towards it. The trivialization of violence, horror, "hand-to-hand", and, as we have already observed, often violent news items, considerably disrupts the nature of the emotion 'fear' and its metabolization process. The abuse of the representation of violence has several consequences: 1- it weakens the emotional force of fear. 2- it creates a confusion between the real and the fictional (we believe that the collapse of the Twin Towers is cinema, we fight "to play" ...). 3- it no longer allows the metabolization of fear into a feeling of respect or submission (young people in housing estates are not afraid of the police, disrespect in the school environment is widespread, ...). 4- it disarms any attempt at authority which no longer has an emotional support point (the holding of the monopoly of violence implies a social metabolization of fear).

● This phenomenon creates an extreme climate of turmoil since it produces a misunderstanding, sometimes even violent animosity between those in society who manage to regulate this emotion and formalise it into standardised social practices and those who do not, who apprehend the rules of law, morality and even politeness differently and are taken for the new barbarians, outlaws of society, or mutants of a confused society.

(1) Cf. Erving GOFFMAN, Les rites d'interaction, Paris, Midnight Edition, 1974.

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RAPPER'S WORD

The Crisis (Bonestyle Big Up)

Artist: Rohff
Lyrics: Thuggish Ruggish Bone
Album: French Rap Nightmare

Intro:
"It's the king, it's the southern suburban kiff, fuck everything as usual.
Fuck everything as usual, fuck everything as usual, fuck everything,
It's the king, it's the kiff, it's the king, it's the south suburban kiff, fuck everything as usual,
Call the cops, represent the niggas and bicos with attitude,
The riffraff will grow up to be youvois, burnt in their yurt,
Blow out the watts, it's the pot that has the pure sound, the pure flow, the pure voice,
Addicted to sin, most of our brothers are without faith or law, 
Not much choice, getting out of jail in reverse on the same voice, 
Back in the neighborhood, liquidating Heinekens in the coffee shop, 
Kissing and kissing and we're doing it again, pulling taffy not taffy,
Until the cops come down in the teci because of the pukaves and clicli,
Yégri by the tox, by the mug and the rappers who come to do their pe-cli,
Sarko can't stop us, we do our winter wages in summer,
In the name of the Sacrificed Generations and our Regrets,
We think, spend, rage, hate even when we ken-a
We all have the same degain-a, deep down inside,
We're doing pein-a, purging pein-a,
You get used to it, tell me who you're hanging out with-- I'll tell you who you're gonna get killed by! Whoa!
Kids fight over your advice, you fuck a friend for dough,
You want coke, you'll get flour, for shit it's Marseille soap,
More respect means anarchy, too bad for you if you shit yourself,
The little ones gain confidence with the big ones, eventually stepping on them,
Forced to shoot them, DAD!! to get the upper hand,
Locked in the street, there's only two ways out of a jam,
Don't waste your life for no money, what's it worth to the family?
Crazy times, in hell we'll all have dates... dates...

Refrain:
It's the crisis, the hasssssss, vazy crosses your registration or you're broken,
in distress in oppression one loses control...
It's a crisis the hassssss, vazy cross your registration or you're broken,
in distress in oppression one loses control...
It's a crisis the hassssss, vazy cross your registration or you're broken,
in distress in oppression one loses control...
It's a crisis the hassssss, vazy cross your registration or you're broken,
in distress in oppression one loses control...
It's a crisis the hassssss, vazy cross your registration or you're broken,
in distress in oppression one loses control...
It's a crisis the hassssss, vazy cross your registration or you're broken,
"in distress in oppression we lose control..."

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