terrorism

Online terrorism: Christchurch appeal launched

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On 15 March 2019, another attack killed 51 people in two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand, which was broadcast live for nearly 20 minutes on Facebook. A terrorism imbued with the rhetoric of the far right online, which chooses social networks to create a buzz. To combat all forms of "terrorist and violent extremist content", New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern and French President Emmanuel Macron have decided to take joint action against online terrorism.
 
Vingt-six countries and Internet giants have joined " the call of Christchurch." to fight against terrorist or violent extremist online content, announced the Elysée Palace on Wednesday 15 May. At the instigation of the New Zealand and French governments, nearly 180 heads of state and heads of major groups gathered at the Elysée Palace on Wednesday 15 May to launch the "Christchurch Appeal".
 
On 15 March, an Australian terrorist shot and killed 51 people in two mosques in Christchurch in southern New Zealand by broadcasting his actions live on Facebook.
The web giant says it removed nearly 1.5 million videos from the attack in the first 24 hours. Insufficient to prevent its viral spread on YouTube, WhatsApp, Twitter and Instagram. A proliferation of terrorist content is intolerable for New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern, who was in Paris on Wednesday to launch the "Christchurch Appeal" alongside Emmanuel Macron.
 
Jacinda Ardern and Emmanuel Macron, Wednesday 15 May 2019
 
In an interview with Le Monde, Jacinda Ardern explains that she is going to ask the digital giants to adopt a "code of good conduct" to prevent the spread of content promoting terrorism and violent extremism. "In Politicsshe says, we need to reflect the values we want to instill in our children. But when a politician shows calm and generosity, we sometimes want to see a flaw in it. I believe (...) that one can be compassionate but strong, empathetic but resolute.
 
The appeal was heard by Internet platforms including the leaders Facebook (and its subsidiaries WhatsApp and Instagram) and Google, as well as its subsidiary YouTube, but also Amazon, Microsoft, Twitter, have adopted this text and today signed the "Christchurch Appeal", committing to prevent the downloading and distribution of these contents, including by "their immediate and permanent withdrawal". Facebook, has already announced tougher conditions for the use of live video: users who have already broken the rules banning "dangerous organizations and individuals" will no longer have access to Facebook Live for a period of time to be specified.
 
It's about " develop tools to prevent the downloading of terrorist and violent extremist content", "combat the causes of violent extremism", "improve transparency in the detection and removal of content" and "ensure that the algorithms designed and used by companies do not direct users towards violent extremist content, in order to reduce its virality".
Qwant, DailyMotion, the Wikimedia Foundation have also adopted this text. 
 
We are apparently here in the continuity of the long-term collaborative work and reflection on online terrorist content, when Emmanuel Macron, in the "Paris Appeal", called on NGOs, states and Web giants to better secure the Web and protect Internet users from cyber attacks.

 
The appeal was signed by States such as France, New Zealand, Canada, Ireland, Jordan, Norway, the United Kingdom, Senegal, Indonesia and the European Commission. Other countries including Australia, Germany, India, Japan, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden also supported the appeal.
Curiously, the appeal did not have the support of the United States, which saw the birth of Facebook, Twitter, ... 
 
 
 

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