"We must change our mindset with regard to AI - which is a means - and focus on the goal: the Increase of Human Intelligence, Frédéric-Gérard Leveque, Digital Transformation Director, HUB Institute.
"We are at the dawn of a new era of customer experience that aims to create a new approach to interacting with people. This customer experience will combine natural language, understanding of feelings, visual ability and empathy, says Jean-Philippe Desbiolles, Vice President Cognitive Solutions., IBM Watson France.
PART TWO - SECTORAL APPLICATIONS
PART THREE - IA FOR GOOD
Intelligence is not only logic or mathematical reasoning. AI remains a cold world, which experiences neither happiness nor unhappiness, nor envy. AI has no friends or lovers. They cannot be hypnotized or exasperated. They don't feel pride after beating a human at chess, let alone their lack of instinct, empathy or common sense. The fundamental error, which comes mainly from across the Atlantic, is to try to separate the body from the mind.Didier Schmitt, Former member of the Bureau of European Policy Advisers (BEPA)".
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Attention must be paid to the difference between the ability of machines to perform certain tasks and their ability to do certain jobs. If you take the example of the autonomous car, imagine a vehicle that would drive by itself in 99 % of the cases: it will always need a driver. Now imagine a car that is autonomous in 100 % of cases. The difference may seem small, but the impact on the labour market is enormous: either you need a human driver or you no longer need one. And it will take longer than you think to get to the point where machines do all the work and really disrupt the labour market.Nick Bostrom, Philosopher and Professor at Oxford."
The potential of technology is infinite but infinity is not enough to make a truth, it is only a field of possibilities. By developing according to our reactions, technology never ceases to question us like a mirror out of ourselves. A revealer that constantly pushes back our convictions about who we are and how we function and reinvent ourselves.Benoît Raphaël, Expert in digital innovation and media "
The researchers, engineers and entrepreneurs who contribute to the design, development and marketing of AI systems are expected to play a decisive role in the digital society of tomorrow. It is essential that they act in a reasonable manner, taking into account the socio-economic impacts of their activities. The objective is simple: to force AI developers to ask themselves the right questions at the right time.Cédric Villani, Mathematician and deputy from Essonne, in charge of Artificial Intelligence "
With regard to the new capabilities of artificial intelligence, we must be transparent about when and how it is applied, who has implemented it, with what data and in what way. We need to explain why its algorithms make this or that decision. Principles of data stewardship and transparency in AI are essential.
The GAFAMs, and now their Chinese counterparts, are already living off the computer exploitation of our personal data. The AI will increase their grip even more. The possible flaws in AI applications are legion and cybersecurity has great days ahead of it. Other vulnerabilities await us, such as the transition from 'fake news' to mass manipulation. However, a new era is inevitably opening up: there will be a 'before' and an 'after'. This is why the continent of the Enlightenment must wake up. It must become an actor that imprints its specificity and ethics, and thus avoid AI becoming a real Pandora's box.Didier Schmitt, Former member of the Bureau of European Policy Advisers (BEPA)".
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