Coworking: the new "Greater Lyon Charter".


Since 2009, the issue of telework - teleworking, coworking - and "third places", workspaces other than the company or the home, has been studied by the Time and Innovative Services Mission of Greater Lyon's Foresight and Public Dialogue Department. A coworking charter has just been signed with active regional partners.

The issue of nomadic work is at the heart of the concerns of our time. Indeed, the issues of telework and innovation are important since they are at the crossroads of various public policies and issues for all metropolises: nomadic workers are increasingly numerous, yet often very lonely. Innovative approaches are being put in place to achieve this: 
- the reduction of mobility, a source of stress for employees and environmental pollution for the region,
- to a better coordination of employees' working hours and an increase in the quality of life, by focusing, among other things, on new forms of work organisation to be favoured,
- to the daytime attractiveness of the territories, 
- to the creation of economic value through the cross-fertilization of ideas, knowledge, expertise, (they are often of prime importance for an entrepreneur before launching) or through innovative projects carried out in relying on a collaborative model combining both the emergence of strong innovation and speed of execution.

All that was needed was a desire to develop mutual aid between workers, such as getting them out of their homes, sharing their work space with other self-employed people, and building new professional solidarity.

In 2013, the idea took shape with the creation of a collective between Greater Lyon and The Rope, Premises Motiv, Media Workshop and Etic Counter.
This work has just resulted in the signing of the Coworking Charter of Greater Lyon which This marks an important step in the process of networking coworking spaces in this agglomeration.

The Greater Lyon coworking charter

Coworking can be defined as a community of people and organizations that share more than just a space and work tools: exchanges, links, projects, accelerators of innovation. 

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The mission of coworking Grand Lyon is to bring together the community of all those involved in the development of coworking on the territory. Beyond their singularity, these citizen actors are characterized by four common values: transparency, equality, sharing, caring. Values that are expressed through a dozen commitments which are the criteria of the participatory members (mutualisation of workspace, organisation of monthly participatory workshops, culture of diversity, etc.).

This approach is winner /winner for the coworking areas first: by organising themselves into a network, by structuring themselves while keeping their specificities, by combining complementarity rather than competition... and also for Greater Lyon, by providing legibility, visibility and by encouraging meetings, based on criteria that promote the values of social ties and economic dynamism.

The stakes of the servile city

As Bruno Marzloff (Director of the Chronos Group), the city of tomorrow will be service-oriented. In any case, it can be said that this is not a distant prospect because today, the French economy is already largely organised around service activities. This evolution, which is bound to be increasingly marked, is now affecting the urban factory. 

Generally speaking, the company has inexorably entered into a service model. Services in the economy have supplanted agricultural and industrial production. Services account for some 65% of household budgets, some 75% of jobs, some 80% of GDP, some 85% of growth, in France today. In this service model, man and his "intelligences" prevail.

The issues surrounding the service city, via new services to be set up on the territory, questions new ways of carrying out public action.
If the infrastructure model persists, there is no reason why the city should escape this groundswell. We have to put ourselves in the position of thinking about the service city. There are at least three reasons for this paradigm shift:

- The limits reached by "physical" growth (urban sprawl, increasing distance between home and work, etc.), budgetary limits, environmental tensions, etc., encourage service change and are all incentives for change. The solutions lie elsewhere and in addition to traditional urban planning.
- We have moved from a supply paradigm to a demand paradigm, without measuring the consequences. In addition to the top-down and univocal pattern - the administration knew what was good for the user - there is also a path upwards from the users themselves. They are asked to be autonomous, they must be given the tools of empowerment (self-control) that go with it.
- The maturity of the urban digital area (terminals, sensors, networks, applications are in place) and uses, provides the foundation for services and the framework for change. What remains to be developed is the fuel for these services, the "data", without which nothing significant can be envisaged in urban services.

Mobilities shape "intensive urban planning".

The focal point of the reflection on urban services lies in mobility. Firstly, by working on infrastructures in a service dimension. For example, by improving the car occupancy rate with car-sharing, the use rate with car-sharing or the use rate by linking the car with other modes (intermodality aims to improve the journey in a complex construction and rationalises the use of the various modes). The result, in all cases, is more or as much with less.

But again, mobility should be understood beyond travel and transport, as well as other forms of access to the city's resources (working in the office, but also from home, from the station, from the telecentre, from the café, etc.). The same goes for remote sociability, shopping and tomorrow for video training, tele-health, etc.). So, in addition to physical mobility there is digital mobility, "distance" is added to travel, and modes of transport are offered alternatives and complements with digital tools.

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As a result, today's mobility is discovering "intensive urbanism" for better or worse, with its benefits, abuses and excesses. This mobility - denser, more active, more dispersed in space and time - leads to other relationships to the city. It "manufactures" other expectations to be transformed into uses and shapes passages and continuities that impose themselves on the city.

The city dweller's concern will be to find the most relevant solution, depending on his or her mobility situation, the organisation of daily life, opportunities, etc. This is what is already being worked on with a multiplicity of software tools animated by the users themselves (Open Street Map, Walkscore, Foursquare, etc.) which appear spontaneously in the city 2.0, just as they appeared - for the same reasons and under the same conditions - on the net with Web 2.0.

©missionTemps-Grand Lyon - April 17, 2014

Read more from Bruno Marzloff's analysis: Mobility. Drifts and possible answers

Save the date the "Temporelles"! The Temporelles are the annual days of the Tempo territorial network which brings together professionals of temporal policies in France. The next ones will take place in Guise les
26 and 27 June next on the theme "Workspaces and Temporalities".

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