There are 215 million migrants on the planet. As a demographic power, diasporas have a growing presence on the Internet. The e-Diasporas Atlas, published by the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme in Paris, lists, maps and analyses the presence on the Web of 28 diasporas around the world. The study of their practices and networks has revealed an unprecedented geopolitics of the Web.
Eighty researchers from all over the world participated in the first edition of this atlas. Some 8,000 sites were studied in order to draw up an electronic portrait of 28 diasporas, from the Bretons to the Zoroastrians via the French, Indians, Macedonians, etc.
The geography of the Web does not correspond to the physical distribution of diasporas around the world. For example, a significant number of sites are located in the United States. Mapping these networks makes it possible to analyse the links between diasporas and their countries of origin. The French e-diaspora - 1.6 million French people living abroad - is structured on the basis of institutional sites devoted to expatriation, reflecting a conception of the strong and protective state. In contrast, in the case of Morocco or Mexico, links between the diaspora network and official sites are almost non-existent.
The study shows the emergence of new diasporas that have been structured with the arrival of the Web. This is the case of the Uyghur diaspora, which has become the voice of the political demands of this Muslim minority in China through the Internet.
The initiator and coordinator of the project, the sociologist-researcher Dana DiminescuThe report, which was published in the first edition of the World Wide Web, points out that large parts of the Web remain to be explored, such as those concerning the large diasporas in sub-Saharan Africa and Brazil.
Why not enjoy unlimited reading of UP'? Subscribe from €1.90 per week.
Site : www.e-diasporas.fr