Metamorphosis of Work, by Christine Afriat with the participation of Evelyne Bertin, Eric Hauet, Emily Lecourtois, Olivier Lejeune, Alain Petitjean - Editions EconomicaMarch 2020
Artificial intelligence, robotics, 3D printing, industry 4.0, connected objects, blockchain are some of the threats that technological evolution poses to existing jobs. Beyond the possible loss of jobs, it is all work that will undergo a profound change.
It would be easy to envisage the metamorphosis of work only from the point of view of technological developments likely to bring about major changes in working conditions, whether for the worse - work on demand, precarious and underpaid work - or for the better - in the service of more humane, more involved, more committed, more meaningful, more ethical, more quality and more creative work. However, in order to understand the future of work, it is important to cross-reference technological developments, the political and organizational choices of companies and States and, above all, societal movements.
In terms of status, contractualisation, time organisation and location, work takes increasingly diverse forms. Similarly, new forms of recognition and remuneration are emerging as ways of creating economic or social value.
Through three scenarios, this book anticipates possible futures, depending on whether they will be determined over time by the passive implementation of technologies or taken over, in the service of improved and enriched work. It also questions the regulation of work that has prevailed to date and more generally the way in which work can integrate ecological and environmental constraints, and all the challenges facing the future at the global level.
Working time, education and training or social protection will not escape unscathed from these developments.
Christine AfriatD. in economics, specialising in foresight, career development and skills development.
With the participation of Évelyne Bertin, Éric Hauet, Émily Lecourtois, Olivier Lejeune, Alain Petitjean
This book is the product of two years of reflection within the framework of the French Foresight Society.